Onderzoeksrapporten

Het zomerprogramma van Humanity in Action bestaat uit twee delen. Tijdens het eerste deel ontmoeten de deelnemers sprekers uit de wereld van NGO’s, politiek, diplomatie, journalistiek en wetenschap, en tijdens het tweede deel doen de deelnemers in kleine groepjes onderzoek. Dit onderzoek wordt uitgevoerd in kleine groepjes, bestaande uit studenten uit verschillende landen. Tijdens het zomerprogramma van 2016 werd hierin samengewerkt met verschillende NGO’s. Aan het einde van het programma presenteren de deelnemers hun bevindingen aan elkaar.

Op deze pagina vind je een overzicht van alle onderzoeksrapporten die tot nu toe zijn gemaakt door deelnemers aan het Nederlandse zomerprogramma. De originele rapporten staan op de Amerikaanse website van Humanity in Action.

Onderzoeksrapporten per jaar

Onderzoeksrapporten HIA NL 2015

Oranje, the Color of Hope

by Anne van den Bergh, Laurens Meijer, Giselle Schellekens, Audrey Winn

Ranim pulls her veil a little closer around her face as she opens the door. Her home is one of over 200 identical trailers spread across a grassy plot formerly known as Pipodorp (English translation is Clowntown), which currently hosts nearly 450 foreign refugees. She agrees to an interview, primarily because she is one of the only people in the center who is conversational in English – she used to be a English teacher in Syria. A few times a week she attends Dutch classes with an elderly volunteer. She seems happy to be sharing her story with us. Read more.

The Art of Resistance: Artists and Black Identity in The Netherlands

by Ivo Dimitrov, Luna Goldberg, Lulete Mola

“Today the 100% came in!” exclaims Quinsy Gario as he greets us, having just completed a crowdfunding campaign for his own television show. Gario is a performance artist and spoken word poet mostly known for his campaign against the use of Zwarte Piet, a controversial children’s figure in the Netherlands. He is one of many young artists, contributing to a strong sense of Black identity emerging in the Netherlands. We sit down with three of these talented voices – Quinsy Gario, Ivan Words, and Aisha Martina. Read more.

A Bridge Waiting to Be Built: Rotterdam’s Entrepreneurial Elite and Ethnic Minority Entrepreneurs

by Willem Roëll, Mohammad Usman Zia, Danijel Cakaric

As soon as you walk out of Rotterdam Central Station, several skyscrapers greet you with logos of multinational corporations. These buildings tower the city’s skyline and are emblems of the city’s business successes. After bombardment in World War II, Rotterdam was rebuilt and became known for its resilience and business prowess. Rotterdam’s economic status is illustrated in its current role as Europe’s largest port and as one of the three major centers, alongside Amsterdam and Eindhoven, of the Dutch economy (…)Rotterdam’s business community, however, puts the presence of its minority communities in the periphery. Read more 

On Overcoming the Glass Ceiling

by Jennine Sawan, Parisa Elah-Madadzadeh, Julia van Boven

Like many teenagers in The Netherlands, George Arakel wanted to make some money on the side. So he started working at a local supermarket until one day, he was dismissed from work permanently. The reason why? He wasn’t Dutch. This was George’s first job and unfortunately, it didn’t get much better from there. His second employer teased him constantly because of his foreign origin. His school, the municipality and the police said they could do nothing for George. This is no exception in The Netherlands. George is not the only victim of discrimination when it comes to ethnicity and the workplace. Read more 

“Recipe” for Reconciliation: A Tale for Reparations

by Raphael Boon, Luke Allen, Angel Sutjipto

Scattered throughout Amsterdam are various Indonesian tokos and warungs, a leftover from the Dutch colonial history. The Netherlands has a long history of involvement in the “spice islands,” dating as far back as 1602 with the establishment of the Dutch East India Company (VOC). Three hundred and fifty years of colonization, the first two hundred focused mainly on doing business via strongholds and the like, were interrupted by World War II and Japanese occupation of Indonesia. Two days after the Japanese surrendered, Indonesia declared its independence; shortly thereafter, as of March 1946, the Dutch military instigated “police actions” as the Dutch government attempted to reclaim the former crown jewel of its empire. Read more 

Integration Illusion: The Dutch’s Black and White Schools

by Ashley Chin, Sümeyye Ekmekci, Esmeralda Herrera

Amsterdam, a city proud for its tolerant identity, faces a dilemma of segregation after two of its public schools controversially pointed out their need for more White Dutch students, in order to make the school atmosphere more inclusive and diverse.
“Is this white enough for you” were the words printed across the shirts of young primary school students as they took to the streets of their neighborhood on May 2015. Dutch students from primarily Moroccan and Turkish backgrounds handed out pamphlets requesting White Dutch parents to take a closer look at their school and enroll children there. Read more

Onderzoeksrapporten HIA NL 2014

Commemoration Controversy: The Commemoration of the Srebrenica Genocide in the Netherlands

by Minel Abaz, Pirmin Olde Weghuis, Mia Ozegovic

Satko Mujagic, a survivor of the Omarska concentration camp and president of the BiH Platform in the Netherlands, is currently busy organizing events to collect and ship supplies to the victims of recent floods in Bosnia. With an enthusiastic smile, he tells us how much money was raised in the recent weeks and how many supplies were collected that are all going directly to flood… Read more

Dutchifying Intersectionality: Intersectional Activism in the Netherlands (or the Lack Thereof?)

by Ernestine Cath, Yanée Ferrari, Dario Vuković

Are there contradictions in fighting homophobia while encouraging Islamophobia? Is it possible to do anti-racism activism that suppresses the voices of black and brown undocumented migrants? Can feminism claim to advocate for the rights of all women if it excludes women of lower classes or non-white ethnicities? If our activist efforts seem to erase and hurt those that are most… Read more

Irregular Human Rights: The Status of Immigrants in the Netherlands

by Carlos Gonzalez Sierra, Salima Guettache, Andrew Kovtun

Greeted by a room full of supporters, Geert Wilders, the leader of the Dutch Freedom Party (Partij voor de Vrijheid, PVV), takes the stage to address the crowd. “We have not said what is not allowed,” he declared. “We have not said what is wrong. So I ask all of you! Do you want in this city and in the Netherlands, more or less Moroccans?” In unison, the sheering crowd… Read more

Mass Media: The Construction of Ethnic Stereotypes

by Sarah Asmelash, Jasmijn Remmers, Tiffany Vang

Jihad: “Internal Struggle or Holy War” Just that word can invoke images of terrorists, violence and polarization of the Islamic religion. Yet, this loaded word is still irresponsibly and casually used in news media outlets to paint a portrait of Islamic radicalism, while demonizing Muslims. In the last decade, the media has managed to educate and inform people about… Read more

Moving Toward Intercultural Education?

by Sjors Aartsen , Benjamin Asante, Ediobong Ebiefung

What’s to Be Done? Who Is Involved, and Who Should Be? What is education all about? For most of us, in our time, secondary schools were the powerhouses for memorizing facts and figures, which would easily help us pave the way to higher educational institutions. In history class one would cover centuries of Dutch history, while, in geography one would discover what types of food people in other… Read more

Psychology of Racism: Defining Black Identity

by Denzel Caldwell , Nawal Mustafa, Edwin Smit

Exclusion maims. Stress hurts. Disease kills. What is the environment in which these conditions exist? Many may say in an environment filled with people who endure traumatic experiences that significantly shapes their life into one of constant conflict, ultimately shortening life and lowering its quality. It might be reasonable to assume that most people, when hearing this… Read more

The “Bosman-Bill”: Legalization of Institutionalized Racism in the Netherlands

by Hanane Abouellotfi, Mushfiqur Chowdhury , Wouter Reitsema

“The Dutch identity? No, I haven’t found it (…). There are too many facets to The Netherlands to catch them all in one cliché. “The” typical Dutch person does not exist. By way of comfort, I can tell you that “the” Argentinian does not exist either.” — MÁXIMA ZORREGUIETA “Dutch history teaches us that the quest for national identity does not… Read more

We are here and we are here to fight: Freedom of Movement Is Everybody’s Right!” The Case of Rejected Asylum Seekers in the Netherlands

by Annie Gavin , Fryda Guedes, Xanel Rooderkerk

Say it Loud! Say it clear! Refugees are welcome here! Armed with loudspeakers and a mission, refugees from Somalia, Sudan, Afghanistan and Syria, among other nations, march through The Hague. With banners waving, the group marches past the impressive buildings of the same international organizations that are failing to protect them. Marching to the Dutch Parliament, the refugees, who are rejected asylum-seekers … Read more

Onderzoeksrapporten HIA NL 2013

Beyond the Comfortable: Queer Politics in Amsterdam

by Corinne Cath, Sacha Hilhorst, Milo Inglehart

Gay in 2013 means Frank Ocean, Grindr and Gay Pride. It could mean societal engagement, grassroots protests and raised fists. But in The Netherlands the gay community no longer fights against the big “isms.” Some don’t fight at all anymore. “After the 2001 legalization of gay marriage many gays thought, we’ve arrived, it’s done,” says queer organizer… Read more

Damaged Goods? Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and the Right to Inclusion of Persons with Physical Disabilities

by Nathalie Dart, Bojan Francuz, Floris Graziosi

While the beauty is in the eye of the beholder, eyes can be deceiving in their perception of one’s ability, strength and determination. Exclusion of people with physical disabilities throughout history is a testament to the failure of humanity to utilize its many talents. Too often, persons with a physical disability have been barred from the public sphere, pushed to the margins of… Read more

Higher Education: Privilege or Right for Surinamese Students?

by Bianca Chavez, Dunja Kokeza, Marijn Speth

Kelvin Vrede, a young immigrant, came to the Netherlands seeking medical treatment not provided in his home country. While receiving his treatment and applying for a residence permit, he started a college education. Kelvin finished the theoretical part of his studies in the insurance and banking sector in 2010. But before he could receive his diploma he needed to complete an internship. When he… Read more

Reading Between the Lines: How the Debate on Ritual Slaughter Exposed Dutch Racism

by Argemira Flórez, Jesse Hettema, Alma Ibrahimovic

Journalist Gerry van de List writes in his weekly political column for the Elsevier: “Especially for Dutch elderly people a walk through old neighborhoods can be depressing. All those Muslim butchers have an alienating effect, as if you are in Istanbul without boarding a plane. This is the result of improvident immigration policy. It is only natural that commercial companies respond to the… Read more

The Exotic Other in Prostitution: Ethnic Fault-lines in Amsterdam’s Sex Industry

by Leticia Mora, Samira Sakhi, Samuel Yates

As a warm summer evening begins to creep into the blue sky, the local neighborhood is bustling with affluent women comparing purchases outside boutique clothing shops, map-wielding tourists taking in the sights, and locals lounging with a glass of wine along the canals. Each passerby’s face, illuminated by a red glow emanating from building lamps, is thrown into sharp relief against those of the… Read more

The Silence of Injustice: 
Mapping Ethnic Profiling in Stop-and-Search Practices in the Netherlands

by Lieke Hettinga, Cor van der Leemputten, Deloris Wilson

June 2013. Labor Party politician, Ahmed Marcouch, ignites an issue that most people have pushed away from political and public debate. After his colleague witnessed two Moroccan-Dutch teenagers suddenly being stopped and searched by the police, Marcouch asks in Parliament: “How is this legitimate? Isn’t this clear discrimination?” His questions go unanswered. Ethnic profiling… Read more

The Struggle for Slavery Education: The Politics of Teaching about the Dutch Slavery Past in the Netherlands.

by Joshua Lin, Eline Peters, Adnan Smajić

Is there really a problem? “I don’t know what will become of them.” Is ignorance really bliss? — Charllotesville Oct 8th 1852 Dear Husband, I write you a letter to let you know of my distress my master has sold albert to a trader on Monday court day and myself and other child is for sale also and I want to you let hear from you very soon before next… Read more

“It could happen to any of us”: An analysis of access to health care for undocumented migrants in the Netherlands

by Mahdi Al-Taher, Christopher Houtkamp, Tehreem Rehman

“We are very sorry our brother Sean-Paul died. It could happen to any of us.’’ This is one of the first notes one would encounter at the entrance of the Refugee Church/Flat when entering on June 19, 2013. Sean-Paul is described as a kind and calm person. He is a former inhabitant of the Refugee Church/Flat and had been recently relocated to housing for mentally ill… Read more

Onderzoeksrapporten HIA NL 2012

Forcing Petrified Relationships to Dance: Intersectionality and the Universality of Human Rights

by Elif Cavuslu, Hannah Forman, Hans Schepers

“Everybody needs to start using the language of universal human rights.” These are the words of Dave Hardy, coordinator of the program “Human Rights in the Netherlands” for Amnesty International. While from a western human rights perspective, this sentiment is commendable, we could not shake a sense of unease at what Mr. Hardy’s words implied. We wondered what this… Read more

Maternal Health Care in the Netherlands: A Right for Some

by Hosay Jelia, Allana Kembabazi

At the start of the presentation “Maternal mortality: A human rights violation,” Professor Jos van Roosmalen, a specialist in maternal mortality and severe maternal morbidity warns us, “ These images will shock you.” He proceeds to show us gruesome images of women who faced complications and died in childbirth in different countries around the world. We see the usual suspects,… Read more

Taking a Walk Through the Unlit Paths in the Gay Capital

by Beril Eski, Ufuk Kâhya

Amsterdam is hailed internationally as one of the gay capitals of the world. After Queens Day, Gay Pride day is the biggest celebration in the city. The idea that homosexuality is accepted in Dutch society, and especially Amsterdam, is an idea that many in this city and country are heavily invested in. There is a constant endeavor to stay ‘Amsterdam, Gay Capital of the World’. It is… Read more

The Undeportables: An insight into the invisible lives of “undeportable” migrants in the Netherlands

by Saskia Brechenmacher, Digant Kapoor, Thijs van Lindert

Out of all minority groups in The Netherlands, the group of “undeportable” migrants may well be the most marginalized. It is estimated that between 35 and 60 thousand people find themselves in the paradoxical situation of being unwelcome in The Netherlands as well as their home country. That number reflects about half of the irregular migrants – often referred to as… Read more

Whitewashed Slavery Past? The (Lost) Struggle Against Ignorance about the Dutch Slavery History

by Amelia Mitchell, Marie-Anne Ricardo, Belma Sarajlic

“ORANGE!…ORANGE!…ORANGE!” In The Netherlands this summer, as elsewhere in Europe and across the world, watching the 2012 Euro Cup was a popular activity, with signs of “Orange Fever” present throughout the country. Although the tradition is generally seen as a part of white Dutch culture, the black community in The Netherlands has played, and continues to… Read more

Zwarte Piet, a Bitter Treat? Racial Issues in The Netherlands and the U.S.

by Laura Boerhout, Mariska Jung, Paul Marcinkowski

Bright Costumes and Dark Faces In the spring of 2010 seven hundred students and faculty gathered at a town hall meeting at Northwestern University to discuss their outrage and disgust with the Halloween costumes – Bob Marley and a female tennis player – of two fellow students. During a holiday known for its provocative R-rated outfits, what was it about a short skirt and stuffed… Read more

Onderzoeksrapporten HIA NL 2011

(A)Head of Her Times: The Sexual Politics of the Headscarf in the Netherlands

by Alok Vaid-Menon, Isa van Krimpen

Headscarves and Heels: Women on the Streets Women in heels take over the streets. Some are wearing bold red lipstick, some boast short skirts, and a brave few are even topless, exposing their breasts proudly with conviction and defiance. Welcome to Amsterdam’s first Slutwalk. On June 4, this march was coordinated by feminists around the world to protest the idea that women can be blamed… Read more

Accepting Injustice: Revealing the Irrationality Behind the Detention Boats in Zaandam

by Karina Goulordava, Boukje Kistemaker, Casper van der Zijde

What would you do if there were boats in your backyard on which people were detained without a criminal record? Would you question the situation or would you look away? A Chinese citizen travels to the Netherlands, fleeing his country in the hopes of greater opportunities and a friendlier political environment. He joins other Chinese immigrants in his new country, and spends… Read more

Belonging and Not Belonging: The Yugoslav Diaspora in the Netherlands

by Jan Hupkens, Melina Meneguin-Layerenza, Bajro Murić

“It takes a thousand voices to tell a single story.” – Native American saying “I have distanced myself from Sarajevo, but not from my people,” Zdenko proclaims 17 years after leaving Sarajevo in early May 1994. In just a few years, the situation in his homeland had changed dramatically. As national and ethnic allegiances flared up, he became Croatian by default through the family in which… Read more

From Tahrirplein to Museumplein: Dutch-Moroccans and the Arab Spring

by Amre Metwally, Diederik Perk, Kelly Shackleford

Dozens of people of Moroccan descent fill the busy street in Admiraal de Ruijterweg on the west side of Amsterdam, shopping, socializing, and eating traditional foods. Walking down the street, we see store after store selling döner, mobiles, waterpipes, and food from various corners of the Arab world. Indeed, this street embodies the diversity that exists in the Netherlands: Moroccans… Read more

Just Business? The Unknown World of Male Prostitution in the Netherlands

by Lily Cheng, Leendert de Die, Eefje de Kroon

The vibrant Red Light District in Amsterdam is one of the most important, but also one of the most controversial tourist attractions in the Netherlands. On all but two small streets, women sell their bodies for sex. In the Barndesteeg and the Bloedstraat, one can find transgender or transsexual prostitutes. Men are nowhere to be found behind windows. Instead, they… Read more

Race in the Netherlands: The Place of the Surinamese in Contemporary Dutch Society

by Benedicta Deogratias, Kyera Singleton, Casey Wojtalewicz

Sitting in the reception area of Levi’s Dreadlock Kliniek on the East Side of Amsterdam, surrounded by pictures of her family and by African and Caribbean flags with reggae music playing in the background, Levi, a middle aged Afro-Surinamese woman, intensely states, “It’s only on paper that I’m Dutch. I don’t feel Dutch. It’s only my passport that’s… Read more

What the Johan Cruyff Courts Can Teach Us About Youths Sports Organizing in Amsterdam

by Janine Husson, Laurens Korteweg, Jessica Peng

Hidden between a primary school and the 53 Metroline in the struggling Bos En Lommer neighborhood of West Amsterdam lies a small soccer court. It is filled with young boys, who chase their dreams of becoming the next Johan Cruyff in the late spring sunshine. The children interact playfully and calmly; yet, they are acting in a competitive environment. This quaint yet vibrantly green… Read more

“We are all Amsterdammers” – Accounting for Diversity and Inclusion in Dutch Schools

by Mouhamadou Diagne, Hana Pašić, Hinke Stallen

Though Brian is only 17 years of age, he is a very bright and ambitious young man. These attributes have already turned him into a prominent hip-hop dancer at his school, with a rapidly rising professional career. “It’s the hard work”, he says. “It’s all about your will and strength. You need to work hard to succeed. And I’m really giving my… Read more

Onderzoeksrapporten HIA NL 2010

A Minority within a Minority: The Unique Position of Being Gay and Muslim in Amsterdam

by Dorrit de Jong, Ivie English

June 28, 2010 On a late Monday evening in Central Amsterdam, a man drinking by himself amongst the regulars at Café De Heuvel, (an old, typically Dutch bar that attracts few tourists, but several loyal locals) perks up at the mention of a topic that he has clearly given thought. “What is being gay? What is being Muslim? If you’re a Muslim, you’re a Muslim. You… Read more

Art and Politics: Four Dutch Artists and Their Reaction to Wilders

by Floortje Anna de Jong, Stefan Ivanovic, Nick Micinski

“[Wilders and the PVV] are playing—not the race card—but the fear card… People are afraid to speak up because they are afraid their music will be banned on the radio. That’s what happened to me. But artists are afraid they won’t ever be booked again.” –Appa, Dutch-Moroccan rapper, June 2010 Politics is often the subject of poems,… Read more

Career and Islam: do they go together?

by Tijana Bjeljac, Ayla Murad

The new world order Once upon a time there was a world in which every group had its own land, culture, language,and religion. They could call themselves whatever they wished, express their culture and practice their religion. This was the only thing that they knew. There was no one immediately nearby who could be different; it was only “We” and the “Others”. In the 21st… Read more

Delinquency Among Minority Youth:
Can They Be Better Rehabilitated?

by Nadja Groot, Shawn Kaminsky, Aya Shoshan

Juvenile delinquency is often considered to be a predictor of the general crime level of a society. Because the adolescent years are formative, and determine the criminal involvement of young people as they develop into adults, it is important to address juvenile delinquency through effective rehabilitative approaches. Juvenile crime statistics in the Netherlands show an overrepresentation of… Read more

Food Banks in Amsterdam: More Than Just Your Daily Bread

by Sandy Placido, Petra Rietberg

The food bank in Bos and Lommer is small and nondescript, lodged within an apartment building complex on a short, dead-end street. Two people sit outside the building enjoying grilled cheese sandwiches, about an hour before food distribution begins. On the windows behind them a few signs are posted, one of which asks for enthusiastic volunteers. On the first floor of the building, a few people… Read more

Mektab and Sabr: Cultural and Societal Factors Affecting Mental Health Treatment for Moroccan Adolescents

by Sigal Liberman, Lindsay Williams

“To be sick is mektab, it is my fate. I must be sabr, have patience and wait for God to solve my problems.” As Zohra Ajaarouj – a social psychiatric nurse for Mentrum, a mental health organization with 15 centers all over the city – notes, this is a common sentiment expressed towards mental illness in Moroccan communities. Such an attitude regarding mental health is only… Read more

Segregation in Dutch Primary Schools

by Vivian Huijgen, Stephen Petrany

Better Learning Performances in an Unmixed Class (De Telegraaf, June 18, 2010) Performance Worse in Mixed Schools; Separation of Natives and Ethnic Minorities Work Better (Trouw, June 18, 2010) Islam Lowers Results in Schools (Het Parool, June 18, 2010) Preferably a Homogenous Classroom (NRC-Next, June 18, 2010) These are hardly conclusions that would be considered… Read more

The Audacity of Tolerance: A Critical Analysis of Legalized Prostitution in Amsterdam’s Red Light District

by Joshua Cruz, Swaan van Iterson

“If you disrespect prostitutes, you disrespect all women.” Metje Blaak (leader of ‘Vakbond Vakwerk’, the labor union for sex workers in the red light district.) Ask others about Amsterdam and there is a good chance that they will tell you about the coffee shops and the red light district. People often travel here to experience the pleasures of cannabis and carnal… Read more

The Dutch Myth of Tolerance

by Maurits Rade, Aakash Shah

It was a typical Dutch day – the sky was a chill gray, a cold breeze blew in from the sea, and the bicycle lanes in Amsterdam were packed. It was the first full day here in Amsterdam for the American Fellows from Humanity in Action, but already, for most of them, this cosmopolitan city felt like a serene and safe haven. It’s hard to imagine who wouldn’t feel at home here.… Read more

The Spatial Stratification of Race

by Maja Ahmić, Amber Henry, Anne Kuilder

In the center of a Dutch polder, there lies a picturesque city bordered by lush grasslands and small farms. At the center is a small fortress. Beneath a bridge that marks one of only two entrance points to the city, a family of ducks cleans their feathers on a small island in the surrounding moat. Inside the Citadel, small towers and typical Dutch geveltjes, symmetrical staircase-like… Read more

Onderzoeksrapporten HIA NL 2009

Child’s Play

by Ahmed Mabruk, Dena Mokhberolsafa, Anida Sokol

The legalization of prostitution in the Netherlands in 2000 was meant, in part, to prevent the exploitation of minors in the sex industry. Nearly nine years later, however, the problem of underage girls working in brothels and behind windows persists. As an estimated 1,500 girls continue to sell their bodies for money, some advocates downplay the issue, while others blame deficient government… Read more

Democracy Gone Wild

by Spencer Heijnen, Darya Marchenkova, Willem van Golstein Brouwers

AMSTERDAM, July 2, 2009 – The Dutch, a people known for their tolerance, have recently elected a far-right politician, as they struggle with issues of immigration and identity. For a well-respected liberal democracy, there seems to have been very little opposition. On the night of June 5, after the poll results for the European Parliament elections were in, some supporters of Geert… Read more

Different Generations: Different Needs.

by Raymond Ratti

The prophet Mohammed became the first leader of Islam without having had a formal education, due to his political skills which were arguably impeccable. While in his case we can attribute his plunge into politics to divine inspiration, in order to understand Muslim political participation and inclusion in Dutch society today, we need to go beyond this. After reading Ian Buruma’s book,… Read more

Fish, Folk Music and Politics – Why Did Volendam Vote for Wilders?

by Nikolai Smith

Old Dutch fishing boats, traditional Dutch clothing and the famous Dutch folk singer, Jan Smit. That is what comes to people’s minds when we ask about Volendam. The village and its 22,000 inhabitants clearly stand out for their typical Dutchness. Now, due to the recent European Parliament (EP) elections, Volendam is also known for its political views. In these elections, the far-right… Read more

Opening the Religious Closet: The Lives of Gay Christians and Muslims in the Netherlands

by Sierra Fleenor, Bertine Moenaff

In the Netherlands, gay rights are not open to question or debate, but are exactly that—rights. Policies on inclusion and even “gay and lesbian emancipation” ensure the right to be openly gay. The most recent of these, entitled “Just Being Gay,” makes specific mention of the current state of gay and lesbian inclusion in religious communities. The Dutch government… Read more

Send the Children Home

by Abbey Augus, Krishnaveeni Naganathar

The Netherlands has tightened its borders over the past ten years. Unaccompanied minor asylum seekers are not immune to the consequences. Marek still has nightmares about jail. Ishmael has a debilitating disease called “prison memory” which can never be cured. Both boys are sixteen, and neither has committed a crime. Marek and Ishmael have another thing in common: they… Read more

The Political Participation of Dutch Muslims: A Dilemma for a Multicultural Society

by Mina Barahimi, Djeyhoun Ostowar

Religious pluralism. Tolerance. Multiculturalism. These are all words that for decades have been synonymous with the Netherlands, a country with a longstanding reputation for its liberal attitudes toward immigrants and individuals of different backrounds. To many, the large Dutch Muslim population, hailing mainly from Morocco, Suriname, Turkey and the Antilles, is a standing testament to that… Read more

The Right to be Seen and Heard: Case Analyses at the Academy

by Andrew Moe, Veerle Vrindts

Close your eyes, put your hands over your ears until all sounds vanish, and imagine this is your life. Imagine this is the way you perceive the world while sitting in a university lecture hall. No voices. No clear images. And still an exam at the end of the term. How would you survive in a foggy jungle where you are without words; in an environment relying on visuals and signless language as the… Read more

The Unlucky Ones

by Julia Choe, Jan de Graaf

Is there a minority in the Netherlands that is more disadvantaged and ignored than the Roma and Sinti people? Known previously as “gypsies,” the two groups have separate ethnic origins but face similar challenges of discrimination and under-recognition. Despite their marginalized positions in society, they are not officially recognized by the Dutch government as minorities. The… Read more

Onderzoeksrapporten HIA NL 2008

Islamophobia: The New Anti-Semitism?

by Lindsey Green, Fatima Yaagoub

On January 15th, 2008, Member of Parliament Tofik Dibi of the left-wing Green Party and eight demonstrators were arrested in the centre of Amsterdam. They showed posters depicting a packet of Marlboro cigarettes, with the traditional logo replaced by a photo of conservative right-wing MP Geert Wilders and with the brand-name changed to ‘Extremist.’ Underneath was the warning: ‘Seriously damages… Read more

The Harsh Reality of Dutch Inclusiveness

by Patrice Hutton, Rene Koekkoek

“Passing the citizenship exam doesn’t turn someone into a full-fledged Dutch citizen”, Mohamed Ben Hamida concluded in his office in Bos en Lommer, one of the most culturally diverse neighborhoods in Amsterdam. Looking out over the market square, where sentimental Dutch folk ballads played from a flower shop’s speakers and diverse international food aromas blended in the air, Ben Hamida, the… Read more

“There is NOT a Discrimination Problem in Germany” The Contradictory Case of European Harmonization and Germany’s Ineffective Anti-discrimination Law

by Felix Arnold, Zachariah Falconer-Stout

The German anti-discrimination law has been called many things. The most damning comparison, however, may have been the one issued by Jürgen Gehb, legal affairs’ spokesman of the CDU, before the bill was even passed into law. Speaking to a group of parliamentarians, he likened the law to “stinky hand cheese that has lain out in the sun for too long.” Formally, the law Mr. Gehb… Read more

“Recognize the Heterosexual” Education About Homosexuality in Dutch Secondary Schools

by Elsbeth Asbeek Brusse, Tanya Keenan

Teacher: All of you will get the highest possible grade for this class if you can complete just one assignment. Class: (Interested mumbles) Teacher: The only thing you have to do is to fall in love with a person that I choose for you… Class: (Interested mumbles) Teacher: …but it can be any person… Emma: But it will be a boy, right? Teacher: As I said, it can be any person that I choose for you. Emma:… Read more

Bad Idea, or Very Bad Idea?: Government Regulation of Marriage in Minority Communities in The Netherlands

by Chris Moree, Azim Ostowar

“Moroccans want to marry other Moroccans, simply because we share the same background. Everybody wants to be closer to what they know, what they are familiar with, and the importance of the shared traditions.” MohammedIntroduction & Preliminary DiscussionThe term ‘community,’ while widely used, is not a definitional one. While no word in any language provides a positivist meaning,… Read more

Fighting Invisibility -The Recognition of Migrant Domestic Workers in The Netherlands

by Katie Brooks, Tamar van Gelderen

Eight years ago, Lorie left her family in the Philippines to join a second family in The Netherlands. Although the international au-pair program that arranged her travels is traditionally structured to provide a positive cultural exchange, her first year here was extremely difficult. She missed her family, and at times felt so claustrophobic and vulnerable she “wanted to shout.” When… Read more

Lingering Hostilities: How The Netherlands Never Really Stopped Talking About Same-Sex Marriage

by Lucy van de Wiel

They looked like the countless to-be-married couples that had come before them, dressed in somber bowties and tuxedos, kitsch leather suspenders, and even flowery, white wedding gowns – the conventional kind, complete with ornate and flowing trains. As the clock struck midnight in Amsterdam’s City Hall, the four couples each obligingly affirmed: “I do.” If the question posed to them by the mayor… Read more

Orange Fever, Red Fever or just plain fever.

by Goran Grubesic, Sarmed Rashid, Cihan Tekeli

Orange, orange everywhere, and yet, so much to drink. Even an hour after the referee had blown the final whistle, the bar was still packed with enthusiastic devotees in bright orange watching highlights from the match. The Dutch national football team had just shut out Italy, the national champions, in a perfect 3-0 win, and their fans were celebrating in style. Outside,… Read more

Symbolic Objects of Dutch Colonial History in Amsterdam: Monuments, Streets and Other Structures

by Louis Middelkoop, Matthew Pesko

The Dutch fellows know, and the visiting fellows quickly come to realize, that Amsterdam is a city rich with history in all of its canals, churches, palaces, and leaning houses. Another part of the Dutch history can be found in the monuments, memorials, street names, and other commemorating structures. Many of these figures conjure up images of a just and joyous heritage, places where one can be… Read more

What About School? Shame and Pride in Immigrant Families, as Shown on the Example of Education in the Netherlands

by Elma Hodzic, Maren Mercks

As we walked into a comfortable and inviting room filled with the scent of jasmine, a group of young Moroccan girls welcomed us. According to traditional custom, we took off our shoes at the door, and a vibrant and lively talk soon commenced. We immediately engaged in very interesting conversation with the girls, who were more than willing to share their stories and experiences with us. We were… Read more

“Down, Out, and Lost” Undocumented Migrants Sleeping on the Fringes of Society

by Michiel de Haas, Sophia Hall

Unseen, indistinguishable, and camouflaged; undocumented immigrants make up an entire segment of Dutch society without any finite statistics. No one knows exactly how many there are or where they reside. However, it is common knowledge that they exists. Only when a tragedy or large scale criminal scandal takes place is the matter brought into the open and political rhetoric ensues. Through… Read more

Onderzoeksrapporten HIA NL 2007

Hymenal Ethics: An Evaluation of the Hymen Reconstructive Surgery in The Netherlands

by Suzanne de Jager

Young and in love, 18 year old Naima decides to take an unconventional step to prepare for her wedding night. She walks into a Rutgers Stichting clinic, a Dutch family planning clinic known for its liberal approach towards sexuality and inquires about hymenorraphy. Hymenorraphy, also known as hymenoplasty and hymen reconstruction surgery, is a relatively simple surgical procedure that… Read more

From Catastrophic Societies to the Netherlands

by Barbara Klen, Irene Ndikumwenayo

“One of my sons was nine months old and the other was about two years old when I came to the Netherlands. After two years, I was denied refugee status and I stayed on the streets for one year before I reapplied again about five months ago. I have been in this country for about five years, but the hope of achieving refugee status still lies far from reality. I have to come to this… Read more

Guilty Until Proven Innocent: Racial Profiling at Schiphol Airport

by Aisha Fukushima, Derya Kaplan

In 2002 there was a 60% increase in drug trafficking through Schiphol Airport in The Netherlands resulting in stricter procedures, dubbed the one-hundred percent controls, which were used to check passengers for drug smuggling. One Surinamese woman claimed that the severity of the one-hundred percent control resulted in the miscarriage of her baby. As part of the control, the woman was… Read more

Pardon Me? Does Anyone Know How to Integrate 26,000 Refugees?

by Laure Heilbron, Melissa Richer

“When I look at my peers, I see that they have had more chances than I have had in my whole life.” – Olga Matondo, age 19, Asylum Seeker since 1994 Olga Matondo was 6 years old when her family fled Angola and arrived in The Netherlands seeking asylum. Eager to start a new life, her parents hoped to resettle quickly. Thirteen years later, Olga is 19, her parents have not been… Read more

The Bijlmer: a Dutch Approach to Multiculturalism

by Boudewijn Sterk, Selma Zahirovic

When the sun is out, you can feel the energy in the air. The atmosphere on the Bijlmer streets is palpably different than the atmosphere in the city centre of Amsterdam. Walking around, you encounter different faces, hear different accents and smell different flavors. The shops sell products foreign to the Dutch, and at the market you can find vegetables, fruits and fish from all over… Read more

Unwanted Patients

by Elizabeth Hammond, Diederik Vergunst

On May 24th 2007 a small tragedy took place inside the Haarlem courthouse. Against the advice of her physician and the wishes of her family, Fatima (the child’s name has been changed to conceal her true identity), a five-year-old Afghan refugee, was denied treatment by Kennemer Gasthuis Hospital. Despite the fact that both Rozita’s GP and her ENT physician considered the operation… Read more

Women on Waves: Navigating National and International Laws and Values

by Althea Skinner

“My fiancé was a virgin, raped and impregnated. She lives in a country with no legal abortions. Family and community believe that if she escaped alive, she didn’t fight hard enough, and she is branded as a slut. I have hard enough time convincing her not to commit suicide, and she is terrified she might have to bear this child of rape. Through your site I was able to… Read more

“A Rough Way Forward: The Struggles of Allochtone Students in Amsterdam Schools”

by Nejra Kalkan, Jonathan Yazer

Ahmed was born in The Netherlands. His parents, however, are from Afghanistan, which makes him an allochtoon. Last year, when Ahmed was in eighth grade, his teacher selected him for VMBO-K, a vocational training track and one of the lowest levels of Dutch high school. When Ahmed wrote his CITO Test – the three-day national high school entrance exam taken by all students in their… Read more

Onderzoeksrapporten HIA NL 2006

Residence in the Netherlands: Onboard Bibby Stockholm, Rotterdam Harbor

by Tewelde Bahta, Bita Diomande

“The Executive Committee deplores that many countries continue routinely to detain asylum-seekers (including minors) on an arbitrary basis, for unduly prolonged periods, and without giving them adequate access to UNHCR and to fair procedures for timely review of their detention status; notes that such detention practices are inconsistent with established human… Read more

A Clash of Sexualities? Rigid Identities and Widespread Intolerance Worsen the Situation of ‘Muslim’ Homosexuals in The Netherlands

by Raimer Rodrigues Rezende

“If you look like a young Moroccan [man], everyone thinks you’re a f—ing terrorist, even if you’re just trying to go to the store for a carton of milk.” Moena shook her head. For the Muslim women, it’s not much better. “If you wear a headscarf, everyone thinks that you’re oppressed.” Moena, a second-generation Moroccan, is not the only person to try to navigate the waters of… Read more

Among two Worlds: Interviews with Veiled Young Women on the Symbolism of the Headscarf in the Netherlands

by Semra Celebi, Pedja Jurisic

Esmaa, a twenty-seven year old Dutch Muslim of Moroccan background sits covered in bright pink, a fluorescent complement to a radiant smile and extroverted mannerisms that some of the more socially conservative cultures would not permit. “It only states that I’m a Muslim and nothing about my personality,” she says of her hijab. And yet, the impassioned public… Read more

Bringing Down the Ivory Tower: The Future of the Barlaeus Gymnasium in a Multicultural Society.

by Ruben Lindenberg, Sabina Varga

There is a lively debate in The Netherlands about segregation within the education system. This debate focuses mainly on the huge high schools that exist in immigrant neighborhoods where the students are predominantly of a foreign background. These so-called ‘black’ high schools are seen by many to offer a more violent atmosphere and sub-standard education. Because this… Read more

Children Behind Bars: The Treatment of Children of Failed Asylum Seekers in The Netherlands

by Hector Alvarez, Vica Bogaerts, Leah Page

After all those hard and painful years, we ended up in prison. It was devastating. They treated us like animals. I cried all the time because I was thinking of my school friends who can be in school and who can be free outside. That was very painful. I’m still broken from these days. I will never forget it. Without being guilty, I have been in prison in the Netherlands. This has… Read more

Return to Sender – Danish Refugee Policy 1995-2005

by Frej Thomsen

“All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as […] national or social origin…” (Universal Declaration of… Read more

The Elephant in the Room: Unexposed Roots of Islamic Radicalism in The Netherlands

by Bradford Kelley, Ava Morgenstern

I take complete responsibility for my actions. I acted purely in the name of my religion…. I can assure you that one day, should I be set free, I would do the same, exactly the same…. I don’t feel your pain. I have to admit that I don’t have any sympathy for you. I can’t feel for you because you’re a non-believer. – Mohammed Bouyeri (Rennie, 2005) Introduction What… Read more

The Imam Training Debate: The Future of Religion for Dutch Muslims

by Matthew Bowlby, Benjamin van Impelen

Some young people like me don’t go to the imam anymore, because we know that he won’t have the answer. It sounds funny, but if we have difficult questions we just Google them. Of course the answers we find are coming from imams in Saudi Arabia or Syria and you really can’t implement them over here in The Netherlands. Faisal Mirza As young Dutch Muslims find… Read more

To Hell and Back: Returning to Auschwitz and Moving On after the Holocaust

by Vedran Grahovac, Emma Herman

“Visiting a place where more than fifty years ago the most horrific things took place, is there a point to that? Does it make any sense to stir up all those things, to dig in the past? Yes, I say, it does make sense. Let it be a warning for the present and the future, let’s learn from the past.” 16-year-old Marieke Brouwer, quoted in Verweg en toch Dicht bij (Far away and Near by)… Read more

Onderzoeksrapporten HIA NL 2005

“Social Capital”ism: Challenging the Monocultural Fantasy of Dutch Politics

by David Carpman, Simone Halink

Against the backdrop of the world’s increasingly unsteady lurch into the 21st century, the traditional Dutch political system is struggling to provide solutions for untraditional problems. This struggle seems to be due in large part to shifting currents in modern Dutch society that belie the stereotypical notion of the Netherlands as a homogeneous, placidly tolerant country.… Read more

Beacon Light or Polemic Fights: Will Ja be translated to Sí and Tak?

by Krzystof Dobrowolski, Laura Schenkein

Yes, I do. Couples have uttered these well-known words millions of times, but on April 1, 2001, four same-sex Dutch couples recited their vows before the mayor of Amsterdam for the first time. On that day, The Netherlands became the only country in the world to legalize gay marriage. On June 18, 2005, a mass demonstration against gay marriage shut down the streets of Madrid.… Read more

Different Women, Similar Struggle? Inclusive Feminism and Muslims in the Netherlands

by Doutje Lettinga, David Mandel-Anthony

“Fighting for basic rights—that’s what women have in common. The right to work if you want to, the right to social and economic freedom. Muslim women are fighting for equal rights, white women are fighting for equal rights. Why can’t we work together?” —Samira Abbos, Journalist Just as tensions were starting to abate in Dutch society following the hysterical… Read more

Keeping the Faith in the Dutch Army – Retaining Muslim Religious Identity and the Desire for an Egalitarian Social Structure in the Military

by Allon Bar, Justin Dubois

Tolerance is a much talked about value in The Netherlands. Dutch society, with its history of liberal thinking, has long viewed itself to be a forerunner of acceptance of a multicultural populace. This multicultural component, fundamentally altering the previously held notion of a homogeneous Dutch society, largely came into being in the 1960s and 1970s with the arrival of new immigrants.… Read more

LONSDALE Gone, Racism Solved? LONSDALE Youth and the Police

by Ine Koevoet

“Make them read Hitler’s Mein Kampf” remarks a police officer in The Hague, “and they will be cured forever.” The officer’s remark does not ratify neo-Nazi ideology, but rather addresses the so-called LONSDALE youth. The phenomenon of LONSDALE youth refers to a sub culture of hardcore music fans that sometimes have racist ideas. In December 2004 Anne Frank Foundation… Read more

One Way: Forward Former Refugees and Successful Participation in the Netherlands

by Zoe Kiefer, David Röling

Becoming accepted has taken me ten years; I will not throw that away. … It’s a cliché,… but hard work is rewarded. Davor Gasparac, Croatian refugee from Bosnia, now a Dutch citizen In 2004, 9,782 refugees sought asylum in the Netherlands (Kok). In previous years, the numbers climbed as high as 45,217 (in 1998). Among the hundreds of thousands of… Read more

The Dutch Know Best? Paternalism in the Netherlands Past and Present

by Anouk Eigenraam, Jeffrey Hochstetler, Karima Yebari

She is called a murderer, among other names, on this day. July 1, 2005, marks the national commemoration of the abolition of slavery in the Netherlands. The cabinet has sent Rita Verdonk, Minister of Immigration and Integration as the government’s representative. Those present make it impossible to hear her speech, shouting and cursing loudly. What is… Read more

Working in Millimeters: The Jewish-Muslim Dialogue in The Netherlands

by Ykje Vriesinga, Charles Weinograd

Since September 11 and the assassinations of politician Pim Fortuijn and filmmaker Theo van Gogh, The Netherlands, once a state that clung unequivocally to its tradition of social liberalism, has been stripped of its veil of professed tolerance, leaving exposed a nation plagued by religious, racial, and ethnic tensions. One symptom of this internal discord is the state of hostility that… Read more

“You Can’t Always Listen to the Same Music”

by Ferhat Isguzarer, Kanishk Tharoor

Laila swaggered imperiously, her wide camouflage pants riding low beneath a bright red Che Guevara shirt. In equally bold red, the words “Fuckin Criminal” flashed from her white belt. Perhaps in other places in the world this would be the traditional garb of suburban rebels-without-a-cause or pubescent bourgeois dissidents. But eighteen-year-old Laila from the Oost district… Read more

Onderzoeksrapporten HIA NL 2004

Making “Never Again” a Reality: Lessons from the Dutch Resistance in the Second World War

by Samuel Walker

“If we are not careful, our fear of the immigrant will result in massive racial aggression.” “The plan to issue ‘vignettes,’ stickers, to all non-Dutch people residing in the Netherlands on which their level of ‘inburgering’ (naturalization) will be indicated looks suspiciously like the Star of David that the Nazis forced the Jews to wear in World War… Read more

Black Pete: Analyzing a Racialized Dutch Tradition Through the History of Western Creations of Stereotypes of Black Peoples

by Izalina Tavares

Dutch society, and therefore Dutch people, takes much prides in being extremely tolerant and anti-racist. Their history proves it; their open policies demonstrate it. Yet there is a huge discrepancy between what is claimed by society in general, and what many minorities experience. The traditional Dutch celebration of Santa Clause, “Sinterklaas” in Dutch, is an example of… Read more

Culture Clash: Designing Vaginas, FGM, and Dutch Policy

by Jacqueline Bouscher, Ali Rosof

Waris Dirie, United Nations Ambassador for the Elimination of Female Genital Mutilation, remembers her childhood “circumcision” in Somalia. The following excerpt from her book, Desert Flower, describes her experience: “The old woman looked at me sternly, a dead look in her eyes, then foraged through an old carpet-bag. She reached inside with her… Read more

Lifting the Ban: The “Oldest Profession” Becomes the Newest Market Sector

by Linda Butt, Jesse Salazar

As a vegetarian, I do not eat meat, but I think butchers should have the right to labor protection. -Marieke van Doorninck Introduction On 1 October 2000, the Netherlands’ ban on brothels, in place since 1911, was lifted. The lifting of the brothel ban was accompanied by six aims for the policy change. The Ministry of Justice promulgated these six aims as: 1. the control… Read more

Silence Within a World of Words: Why it Took Almost Fifty Years after the Holocaust for ‘Hidden Children’ to Speak Out

by Josephine Ngo, Marije Roos

We are not only the unsung but also the forgotten heroes of the Holocaust. The victims have been offered monuments. The rescuers are honoured by the state of Israel. We have only silence. We do not want monuments…we want words. Now it is time to tell our stories to the worlds of today and tomorrow, to show those worlds not only that we have survived, but also… Read more

The Politicization of the Headscarf in the Netherlands

by Anass Bendrif, Matthew Haney

Over the past 50 years, the Netherlands has been transformed from a relatively homogeneous society to one characterized by ethnic and cultural diversity. Today over 8% of the Netherlands’ 16 million people are of non-Dutch origin. More than half of the non-Dutch are Muslims, mostly from Turkey and Morocco. In many ways, the Netherlands’… Read more

Too Much to Handle or just not Important Enough? Mental Health Care for War Refugees in Asylum Seeking Centres in the Netherlands

by Elias Fels, Ylber Kusari

The last two decades found the Netherlands, along with the other Western European countries, facing the challenge of an immensely large influx of immigrants coming into the country, seeking asylum for political and economic reasons or as war refugees. Apart from the physical placement of the refugees, one of the major challenges brought on by this influx is to provide psychological help… Read more

Turkish and Kurdish Identity and Nationalism in the Netherlands

by Tenzin Wangmo

It is in the nature of human beings to label each other and ourselves on the basis of religion, color, sex, ethnicity, etc. We find it assuring and feel protected when everyone is defined according to criteria that have been institutionalized by us. In the case of Dutch society, all the immigrants or the naturalized citizens are defined as “allochtoon.” Such labeling by the… Read more

Western Mosques or Mosques in the West

by Aldo de Pape, Alexander Zevin

This article aims to explore the attitudes and views of practising Muslims towards Dutch society vis-à-vis two mosques in Amsterdam, the capital of the Netherlands. We consider two apparently different mosques, Al Tahweed and the Milli Gorus mosque, Hagya Sophia. The reason for our narrow focus – on two mosques in Amsterdam with relatively diverse membership bases – is… Read more

What’s in a Name: The Classification of Non-Native Dutch People

by Eboné Bishop

“According to data of the Central Bureau of Statistics, there are around three million [allochtonen] in the Netherlands, which is 19% of the total population of 16.1 million inhabitants.” Is a person living in the Netherlands all his life but born in Germany considered an allochtoon? What about a person from the Dutch Antilles or Sudan? In Dutch society not every… Read more

Onderzoeksrapporten HIA NL 2003

Boys Like Scattered Pearls: Moroccan Homosexuality in Multicultural Amsterdam

by Elidor Mehilli, Rachel Moolenaar

“I will always be the daughter who ran away from my family” says Jihan. Her gestures indicate resignation, but her voice is determined: “I had to give up my family … I had to leave them behind …so that I could be myself…” Jihan, who lives in Amsterdam, is both Moroccan and a lesbian. Like many other homosexual Muslims, she has been trying to… Read more

But it was so long ago: Confronting the Dutch Slave Past, Present and Future in the Classroom

by Lisa Francisco

The couple approaches the Oosterpark monument hesitantly at first and then more resolutely, a certain recognition of its significance spreading across their faces. The woman extends her brown hand to the statue, knocking ever so softly, as if afraid that after 140 years the monument can be nothing more than a mirage and will crumble at her touch. The man watches from behind… Read more

Integration and the Politics of Mosque Construction: A Case Study of the Surinamese Muslim Community in The Netherlands

by Brannon Ingram, Bas Kurvers

We met Nasr Joemman Bakker, secretary-general of the World Islamic Mission Netherlands, at the half-complete Surinamese mosque in Utrecht Overvecht. At present, one can only recognize the structure as a mosque because of the unfinished minarets that loom overhead. It does not yet bear the typical motifs of mosque decoration. Taking us through the central prayer hall on the second floor, he… Read more

It’s The End Of Dutch Feminism As We Know It… (And We Feel Fine): The differences between the integration and emancipation of Moroccan Muslim girls and boys in Dutch society

by Simone Kukenheim

The differences between the integration and emancipation of Moroccan Muslim girls and boys in Dutch society Prologue: Introducing Two Key Players ‘Muslim,’ ‘Moroccan,’ ‘emancipation,’ ‘hijab,’ ‘oppression,’ ‘immigration,’ and ‘integration’ are omnipresent buzzwords in the worldwide debate over the place… Read more

Segregation or Education? The Decision is Ours

by Tobias Borkert, Joshua Duclos

“Because of all of the problems at black schools, I would send my child to a white school, or ideally a mixed school, but not a black school…I wouldn’t want my child to be a minority.” Mayke Perquin, Teacher According to the report, “Inside Game / Outside Game: Segregation and Spatial Planning in Metropolitan Areas”, a NIROV report by David Rusk,… Read more

Strangers in a Strange Land: Roma and Sinti in the Netherlands- The World War Two Experience and After

by José Aarts, Miriam Schwedt

On 11 March, 2001, Prime Minister Kok of the Netherlands oversaw the installation of a monument in memorial of Roma and Sinti victims of Nazi persecution. The monument, unveiled on the site of the former Westerbork concentration and deportation camp, is the first federal monument to the plight of the Roma and Sinti. Previously, the only monuments had been small and locally… Read more

What is UnDutchable?: Dutch Humor, Political Correctness, and Discursive Taboo

by Anna-Sterre Nette

A Dutch man and a Moroccan man come upon a Dutch man, sitting outside a supermarket one afternoon, and beat him to death. Well, says one bystander, “At least there’s integration.” On October 22, 2002, in Venlo, two teenage boys—one Dutch and one Moroccan—beat a 22-year old Dutch man to death outside a supermarket after the man requested they ride their motor… Read more

When the Means Become the Ends: The Sexual and Reproductive Health of Minority Women in Amsterdam

by Babette Rump, Robin Williams

Flipping through a sex education booklet in the Netherlands school system today you find pictures and motifs much different from those of the 1990’s. Now the pages are filled with photographs of students from many ethnic backgrounds mingling around the bike racks or walking through the park. Dennis and Remco, a young white gay couple, are depicted next to a portrait of Nouzha, a teenage… Read more

Will Individualism in Dutch Politics Liberate Dutch Muslims?

by Jochem de Groot, Jonno Forman

“Election campaigns are fought on the television screen. And the more politics gets complicated, the more the voter will vote for a personality than for a program.”- anonymous Dutch critic The landscape of Dutch politics has changed dramatically over the past year. The sudden and monumental rise of Pim Fortuyn ignited an intense nation-wide discussion about the status-quo, the… Read more

Onderzoeksrapporten HIA NL 2002

Van het jaar 2002 zijn op dit moment helaas geen onderzoeksrapporten beschikbaar.

Onderzoeksrapporten HIA NL 2001

A Human in Action: The Reverend Hans Visser of the Pauluskerk in Rotterdam

by Molly Rowles, Barbara Schell

The city of Rotterdam is home to the world’s largest harbor. It is a place of business and trade, noted for its museums and art galleries as well as for its modern architecture, and it is the European Capital of Culture for the year 2001. However, there is another side to Rotterdam; Spangen, the poorest area of The Netherlands, is in the city, and Rotterdam’s population includes three and a half… Read more

Breaking the Cycle of Indifference: Participation of Ethnic Minorities in Local Politics

by Antoine Buyse, Katharine Gricevich

“It is essential for the civic health of cities that as many people as possible participate in its governance, feel they belong, and believe they will receive fair treatment from all agencies/institutions.”- Patrizia Brandellero, EurocitiesAs the number of people belonging to ethnic minorities – defined here as immigrant groups with a consistent lower socio-economic status in terms of… Read more

Challenging Dutch Holocaust Education: Towards A Curriculum Based On Moral Choices And Empathetic Capacity

by Jacob Boersema, Noam Schimmel

The primary task of education should be to prevent another Auschwitz. – Theodore Adorno The important thing is the possibility of identification. It is so difficult to understand. They can only identify with stories that help them imagine ‘how would I have been, what would I have done’? – Frieda Menco Introduction: What makes people able to make moral choices and take actions that reflect respect… Read more

City of Utrecht Undermines National Asylum Law: A Humanitarian Initiative

by Diana Lovett, Barbara Schimmer

On April 1, 2001, the Dutch government cut back support to asylum seekers in a new law. The New Aliens Legislation mandated that after receiving a final negative response to an asylum application, immigrants would only be allowed to remain in asylum seekers’ centers for twenty-eight days. Less than two months later, on the 15th of May, the city of Utrecht voted in favor of an… Read more

Education in the Netherlands: Segregation in a “Tolerant” Society

by Hiske Arts, Anita Nabha

While tolerance is a value that is supposed to be intrinsic to Dutch society, the unofficial segregation of ethnic minorities and native Dutch in primary schools suggests that The Netherlands has not yet accepted the reality of their growing multicultural society. Although the topic of education in the so-called “concentration schools” is not entirely new, over the past decade it has come to be… Read more

Everything you wanted to know about ethnic entrepreneurship in the Bijlmer, but were afraid to ask

by Philip Ugelow, Floris van Eijk

Just across the railroad tracks from Holland’s fastest growing economic zone is one of the nation’s most visible failures in urban planning. The contrast between these two sections of southeast Amsterdam could not be clearer. On one side, tall modern office buildings along ArenA Boulevard are the home of thriving multinational corporations, and on the other side of the tracks, just… Read more

Grassroots and Government Initiatives in the Community of Slotervaart/Overtoomse Veld

by Mark Goldberg, Jantine Messing

While exploring possible solutions addressing problems within the Moroccan community of Amsterdam, our research naturally took us into the heart and minds of the Moroccan community. Our original intent was to use the case study of the buurtvaders, or Neighbourhood Fathers, as a basis upon which we could draw concrete conclusions as to the prospects for the Moroccan community of… Read more

Hype and Stereotype: The Role of the Media in Shaping Public Discourse on Minorities

by Abigail Moy, Joost van Halem

On Thursday, May 3, 2001, a nationally televised news program broadcasted an interview with Imam Khalil El-Moumni of Annasr mosque, in Rotterdam. When questioned about the Koran’s views on homosexuality, the religious leader stated, among other things, that it “is harmful to society,” and “if the disease spreads, everyone can be contaminated.” His statements sparked what would soon become… Read more

Illegal Immigrant Networks: A Part of Dutch Society?

by Enno Koops, Jennifer Marcy

Worldwide structural violence, ecological disasters, and the globalization of communication and transportation are some factors forcing industrialized Europe, including The Netherlands, to cope with continued waves of immigration. Burdened and sometimes tortured by poverty, warfare, and discrimination, many citizens of struggling countries believe that their best chances for a brighter future… Read more

Onderzoeksrapporten HIA NL 2000

A Founding Myth for the Netherlands: The Second World War and the Victimization of Dutch Jews

by Matthijs Kronemeijer, Darren Teshima

Since the end of the Second World War, there has been a tendency in Dutch society to look back to the war and characterize the Netherlands’ role in the war in a positive and even heroic light. Individual stories of resistance against the Nazi regime and efforts to hide Dutch Jews have been documented and celebrated. As a whole, the Dutch nation has been viewed as a heroic country… Read more

Fortress Holland: Sending the Message Abroad

by Claudia Asch, Nynke Weinreich

In a similar fashion to other Western European states, the Netherlands does not consider itself an “immigration country” (Penninx, 1996). The reality is, as is often the case, quite different and is reflected in the Dutch immigration policy which has undergone many changes in recent years. These changes have mainly been implemented to address the large number of asylum seekers that… Read more

The Criminalization of Hate Speech in the Netherlands

by Hadewina Snijders, Ruth Wood

In approaching the topic of the criminalization of hate speech in the Netherlands, it was necessary as an American-Dutch team to bring our own culturally-indoctrinated ideas about freedom of speech to the drawing board at the outset of our working relationship. A few weeks ago our outlooks on limiting speech were significantly different than we find them to be after having explored in depth this… Read more

The Osdorp Asylum Seekers Center: Neighborhood Conflict, Resistance, and Cooperation

by Iti Westra

On an unusually hot day in Amsterdam’s Osdorp section, three flags in front of the area’s refugee center rustle in a calm breeze. The flags of Amsterdam, the Osdorp borough, and the Agency for the Reception of Asylum Seekers (COA) all represent organizations or communities that have shaped the short history of Osdorp’s refugee center and its 350 inhabitants. In contrast to the sedate… Read more

The Unreconciled Ritual: Identity and Politics at the Museum

by Anelle van Wyk

We entered two Dutch museums and experienced the possible existence of two different narratives of national identity. As we became acquainted with Dutch museums through these visits, we began to speculate on the museum as a site where people confront and explore their identities. While looking at objects representing the past, one is invited to think of those others to whom these objects… Read more